CLINICAL FEATURES OF RESPIRATORY DISORDERS IN PREMATURE NEWBORNS DEPENDING ON BODY WEIGHT
Keywords:respiratory disorders, prematurity, low body weight
In the structure of perinatal mortality and morbidity, respiratory distress syndrome occupies one of the leading places among premature babies. RDS is detected more often, the lower the gestational age and body weight of the child at birth. In children born before 30 weeks of gestation and not receiving prenatal prophylaxis with betamethasone or dexamethasone, its frequency is about 65%, with prophylaxis - 35%; in children born at a gestational age of 30-34 weeks, without prophylaxis - 25%, with prophylaxis - 10%; in children born at a gestational age of more than 34 weeks, the incidence of RDS does not depend on prenatal prophylaxis and is less than 5%. In this study, the causes of respiratory disorders in premature newborns were studied and analyzed, depending on the body weight at birth, admitted to the neonatal pathology department of the Children's Clinical Hospital.